A diary study of appearance social comparisons and need frustration in young women
Embargo Lift Date
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of state upward appearance comparisons and psychological need frustration on appearance self-conscious emotions, and compensatory dieting and exercise thoughts and behaviours. An Ecological Momentary Assessment design was employed with young women (n = 126; M age = 21.26; SD = 2.76) who responded to surveys 3 times daily every other day for 1 week. Outcome measures included body and appearance self-conscious emotions (shame, guilt, and authentic and hubristic pride) and (thoughts of) dietary restriction and exercise. Mixed linear modelling showed that upward appearance comparisons and psychological need frustration independently predicted several maladaptive appearance-based emotions and behaviours. For thoughts of dietary restriction, an interaction emerged, whereby thoughts of dietary restriction were intensified in situations when participants engaged in upward appearance comparisons and reported high levels of need frustration. The findings suggest that not only upward appearance comparisons but also high levels of state need frustration can make women more vulnerable to self-conscious emotions and compensatory dieting and exercise thoughts and behaviours.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
McEvoy, Peter; Hayes, Sarra; Hasking, Penelope; Rees, Clare (2017)Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the frequency, content, and appraisals of thoughts and images occurring during urges to engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Method Undergraduates (N = 154) with a ...
Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C.; Dodos, L.; Chatzisarantis, Nikos; Ntoumanis, N. (2017)Background: Self-compassion may protect individuals experiencing poor body image and associated maladaptive outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine within-person associations (whilst controlling for between-person ...
A systematic review on the factors affecting effective communication between registered nurses and oncology adult patients in the inpatient settingTay, L.; Hegney, Desley; Ang, E. (2010)Background: Effective nurse-patient communication is essential in the development of therapeutic relationships and meeting the cognitive and affective needs of oncology patients. However, the emotional load in cancer ...