Transdifferentiation of myoblasts into osteoblasts â€“ possible use for bone therapy
MetadataShow full item record
Â© 2017 Royal Pharmaceutical Society Objectives: Transdifferentiation is defined as the conversion of one cell type to another and is an ever-expanding field with a growing number of cells found to be capable of such a process. To date, the fact remains that there are limited treatment options for fracture healing, osteoporosis and bone repair post-destruction by bone tumours. Hence, this review focuses on the transdifferentiation of myoblast to osteoblast as a means to further understand the transdifferentiation process and to investigate a potential therapeutic option if successful. Key findings: The potent osteoinductive effects of the bone morphogenetic protein-2 are largely implicated in the transdifferentiation of myoblast to osteoblast. Bone morphogenetic protein-2-induced activation of the Smad1 protein ultimately results in JunB synthesis, the first transcriptional step in myoblast dedifferentiation. The upregulation of the activating protein-1 binding activity triggers the transcription of the runt-related transcription factor 2 gene, a transcription factor that plays a major role in osteoblast differentiation. Summary: This potential transdifferentiation treatment may be utilised for dental implants, fracture healing, osteoporosis and bone repair post-destruction by bone tumours.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Analysis of candidate genes within the 3p14-p22 region of the human genome for association with bone mineral density phenotypesMullin, Benjamin H (2011)Previous studies have identified the 3p14-p22 chromosomal region as a quantitative trait locus for bone mineral density (BMD). The overall aim of this thesis is to identify the gene or genes from this region that are ...
Lin, D.; Dass, Crispin (2017)Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is often associated with a number of complications such as nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy and foot ulcers. However, weak bone is a diabetic complication that is often overlooked. Although ...
Mullin, B.; Mamotte, Cyril; Prince, R.; Wilson, S. (2014)Osteoporosis is a common bone disease that has a strong genetic component. Genome-wide linkage studies have identified the chromosomal region 3p14-p22 as a quantitative trait locus for bone mineral density (BMD). We have ...