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dc.contributor.authorChan, Derwin
dc.contributor.authorLentillon-Kaestner, V.
dc.contributor.authorDimmock, J.
dc.contributor.authorDonovan, Robert
dc.contributor.authorKeatley, D.
dc.contributor.authorHardcastle, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin
dc.identifier.citationChan, D. and Lentillon-Kaestner, V. and Dimmock, J. and Donovan, R. and Keatley, D. and Hardcastle, S. and Hagger, M. 2015. Self-Control, Self-Regulation, and Doping in Sport: A Test of the Strength-Energy Model. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 37 (2): pp. 199-206.

We applied the strength-energy model of self-control to understand the relationship between self-control and young athletes’ behavioral responses to taking illegal performance-enhancing substances, or “doping.” Measures of trait self-control, attitude and intention toward doping, intention toward, and adherence to, doping-avoidant behaviors, and the prevention of unintended doping behaviors were administered to 410 young Australian athletes. Participants also completed a “lollipop” decision-making protocol that simulated avoidance of unintended doping. Hierarchical linear multiple regression analyses revealed that self-control was negatively associated with doping attitude and intention, and positively associated with the intention and adherence to doping-avoidant behaviors, and refusal to take or eat the unfamiliar candy offered in the “lollipop” protocol. Consistent with the strength-energy model, athletes with low self-control were more likely to have heightened attitude and intention toward doping, and reduced intention, behavioral adherence, and awareness of doping avoidance.

dc.publisherHuman Kinetics
dc.subjectsport medicine
dc.subjectphysical performance
dc.titleSelf-Control, Self-Regulation, and Doping in Sport: A Test of the Strength-Energy Model
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Copyright © 2015 Human Kinetics, as accepted for publication

curtin.departmentSchool of Psychology and Speech Pathology
curtin.accessStatusOpen access

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