The response of glass window systems to blast loadings: An overview
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The failure of glass windows in terrorist bombing attacks and accidental explosion incidents has been cited as one of the major causes to the vast casualties. Many studies have been carried out to investigate the response and vulnerability of glass windows against blast loadings. These include laboratory and field tests that have been carried out to experimentally study glass window performance under explosion scenarios and development of analytical and numerical models to analyze and predict glass window responses. This article reviews literatures on the studies of the response of glass window systems to blast loadings. Over 100 papers and documents that are available in the open literature are reviewed. The background and history of the studies on the topic are also briefed. Understandings about the dynamic material properties of glass and available material models are summarized. Popularly used analysis methods and design standards for monolithic and laminated glass windows are outlined, and their accuracies are discussed. Recent studies including analytical solution, numerical simulation, and experimental investigations on glass window systems are summarized. Mitigation measures for blast-resistant windows are also briefly discussed.
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Experimental and numerical study of boundary and anchorage effect on laminated glass windows under blast loadingZhang, Xihong; Hao, Hong (2015)Over the years extensive studies have been conducted to analyze the response of laminated glass panes under blast loading for personnel and property protection. The failure modes of glass windows in most of those studies ...
Zhang, Xihong; Hao, Hong; Wang, Z. (2015)Laminated glass panes are widely adopted as blast-resistant glass windows to mitigate the hazard from ejecting fractured glass fragments. The response of laminated glass windows under blast loads is often predicted by ...
Zhang, Xihong; Hao, Hong; Ma, G. (2015)Glass is an omnipresent material which is widely used as façade in buildings. Damage of glass windows and the associated glass fragments induced by impact and blast loads impose great threats to people in the vicinity. ...