The Long-Term Effects of Breastfeeding on Child and Adolescent Mental Health: A Pregnancy Cohort Study Followed for 14 Years
MetadataShow full item record
Objectives. To determine whether there was an independent effect of breastfeeding on child and adolescent mental health.Study design The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study recruited 2900 pregnant women and followed the live births for 14 years. Mental health status was assessed by the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) at 2, 6, 8, 10, and 14 years. Maternal pregnancy, postnatal, and infant factors were tested in multivariable random effects models and generalized estimating equations to examine the effects of breastfeeding duration on mental health morbidity. Results. Breastfeeding for less than 6 months compared with 6 months or longer was an independent predictor of mental health problems through childhood and into adolescence. This relationship was supported by the random effects models (increase in total CBCL score: 1.45; 95% confidence interval 0.59, 2.30) and generalized estimating equation models (odds ratio for CBCL morbidity: 1.33; 95% confidence interval 1.09, 1.62) showing increased behavioral problems with shorter breastfeeding duration. Conclusion. A shorter duration of breastfeeding may be a predictor of adverse mental health outcomes throughout the developmental trajectory of childhood and early adolescence.
The link to the journal’s home page is: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/623311/description#description. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sawyer, M.; Guidolin, M.; Schulz, K.; McGinnes, B.; Baghurst, P.; Zubrick, Stephen (2010)Mental health problems among young people on remand: has anything changed since 1989? 1. Michael G. Sawyer1, 2. Matthew Guidolin2, 3. Karen Schulz3, 4. Bernadette McGinnes4, 5. Peter Baghurst5, 6. Stephen R. ...
Comparison of breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of selected adolescent males and females from rural and metropolitan secondary schoolsJuliff, Dianne Therese (2005)Research has indicated that adolescents hold both negative and positive attitudes and have common misconceptions about breastfeeding that appear to result from their limited knowledge and reduced exposure to breastfeeding. ...
Sawyer, M.; Guidolin, M.; Schulz, K.; McGinnes, B.; Zubrick, Stephen; Baghurst, P. (2010)AbstractOBJECTIVE: To compare the nature and prevalence of mental health problems, prevalence of suicidal ideation and behaviour, and health-related quality of life of 13-17-year-olds on remand with that of 13-17-year-olds ...