Effect of nickel on hydrogen permeation in ferritic/pearlitic low alloy steels
MetadataShow full item record
Nickel offers several beneficial effects as an alloying element to low alloy steels. However, it is, in the oil and gas industry, limited by part 2 of the ISO 15156 standard to a maximum of 1 wt% due to sulfide stress cracking resistance concerns. Hydrogen uptake, diffusion, and trapping were investigated in research-grade ferritic/pearlitic low alloy steels with Ni contents of 0, 1, 2 and 3 wt% by the electrochemical permeation method as a function of temperature and hydrogen charging conditions. Qualitatively, the effective diffusion coefficient, Deff, decreased with increasing Ni content. The sub-surface lattice hydrogen concentration, C0, decreased with increasing Ni content in all charging conditions while the trend between the sub-surface hydrogen concentration in lattice and reversible trap sites, COR, and Ni content varied with the charging conditions. Irreversible trapping, evaluated by consecutive charging transients, was not observed for any of the materials. Lastly, the possible influence of an increasing fraction of pearlite with increasing Ni content is discussed.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Husby, H.; Wagstaff, P.; Iannuzzi, Mariano; Johnsen, Roy; Kappes, M. (2018)© 2018 NACE International. Nickel additions to low alloy steels improve mechanical and technological properties. However, Part 2 of ISO Standard 15156 limits the nickel content to a maximum of 1 wt% in oil and gas ...
Sheppard, Drew A (2008)Concerns over green house gas emissions and their climate change effects have lead to a concerted effort into environmental friendly technologies. One such emphasis has been on the implementation of the hydrogen economy. ...
Murshidi, Julie Andrianny (2012)Concerns about the impact that fossil fuels have on the environment and their increasing price to the consumer have led to research being undertaken to evaluate and refine other energy carriers that will be comparable to ...