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dc.contributor.authorMohammed, F.
dc.contributor.authorBiswas, Wahidul
dc.contributor.authorYao, H.
dc.contributor.authorTade, M.
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-18T07:55:59Z
dc.date.available2018-05-18T07:55:59Z
dc.date.created2018-05-18T00:23:08Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationMohammed, F. and Biswas, W. and Yao, H. and Tade, M. 2018. Sustainability assessment of symbiotic processes for the reuse of phosphogypsum. Journal of Cleaner Production. 188: pp. 497-507.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11937/66776
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.309
dc.description.abstract

The conversion of by-products to resources is a novel approach for enhancing circular economy through increasing the lifecycle of resources, however, it does not always achieve sustainability outcomes. A life cycle assessment has been conducted to assess the economic and environmental implications of the conversion of phosphogypsum, which is a by-product from phosphoric acid manufacture, to useful resources such as paper and fertilizer. The current research found that the phosphogypsum based paper and fertilizer are neither environmentally nor economically better than conventional products due to the raw materials used that leads to higher environmental impact and economic cost. However, phosphogypsum based products offers some social benefits such as additional employment creation and enhanced intergenerational equity. Further investigation into chemical process design in terms of reagent selection for precipitation reactions is needed to achieve the economic and environmental feasibility of the products based on these by-products.

dc.publisherElsevier
dc.titleSustainability assessment of symbiotic processes for the reuse of phosphogypsum
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.volume188
dcterms.source.startPage497
dcterms.source.endPage507
dcterms.source.issn0959-6526
dcterms.source.titleJournal of Cleaner Production
curtin.departmentSustainable Engineering Group
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available
dc.date.embargoEnd2020-03-31


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