Assessment of Ground-Based and Aerial Cloud Seeding Using Trace Chemistry
MetadataShow full item record
Targeting seedable clouds with silver iodide in complex terrain adds considerable uncertainty in weather modification studies. This study explores the geographic and temporal distribution of silver iodide associated with an active cloud seeding program in central Idaho snowpack using trace chemistry. Over 4,000 snow samples were analyzed for the presence of a cloud seeding silver iodide (AgI) signature over two winter seasons. The results indicate the following. (1) At sites within 70 km of AgI sources, silver enrichments were detected at 88% of cases involving seeding efforts from ground generators, but none from aircraft seeded cases. (2) Real-time snow collection methods were replicable within 0.41 ppt and confirmed seeding signatures for the entire duration of a seeded storm (n=3). (3) Sites sampled beyond 70 km of AgI sources (n=13) lacked detectable seeding signatures in snow. The results of this study demonstrate some of the strengths and limitations of chemical tracers to evaluate cloud seeding operations and provide observational data that can inform numerical simulations of these processes. The results also indicate that this chemical approach can be used to help constrain the spatiotemporal distribution of silver from cloud seeding efforts.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Paskevicius, Mark; Hansen, B.; Jorgensen, M.; Richter, B.; Jensen, T. (2017)Silver compounds share a rich history in technical applications including photography, catalysis, photocatalysis, cloud seeding and as antimicrobial agents. Here we present a class of silver compounds (Ag2B10H10 and ...
Javaid, S.; Chen, W.; Jia, Guohua ; Jones, Franca (2020)Three-component containing hybrid heterostructures with multiple functionalities are highly desirable but difficult to synthesize. Herein, we have demonstrated the utilization of a simple seeded-growth approach for the ...
Real-time probing of the growth dynamics of nanoparticles using potentiometric ion-selective electrodesChumbimuni-Torres, K.; Bakker, Eric; Wang, J. (2009)This Communication demonstrates the ability of potentiometric ion-selective electrodes (ISE) to probe the growth dynamics of metal nanoparticles in real-time. The new monitoring capability is illustrated using a solid-contact ...