Factors Associated With Maternal Depression in the Maldives: A Prospective Cohort Study
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© 2018, APJPH. The aim of the study was to document perinatal depression in mothers in the Maldives and associated factors. A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the 2 major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives, and followed from 36 weeks of pregnancy to 3 months after birth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depression. Maternal sociodemographic factors and infant’s health were also recorded. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (EPDS score =13) at 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum were 24%, 27%, and 12%, respectively. Having experienced stressful life events is an established risk factor for maternal depression across these time points. Having depressive symptoms during the postpartum period is significantly associated with presence of antenatal depressive symptoms. Future studies may look into effectiveness of strategies that cope with stressors in the management of maternal depression.
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