Three-year investigations on leaf rust of poplar cultivated for biomass production in Umbria, Central Italy
MetadataShow full item record
During disease surveys carried out in the years 2006, 2007 and 2008, severe natural rust infections on biomass poplar cultivations in clone experimental field trials in the province of Perugia (Umbria, Central Italy) were observed both in summer and autumn. The foliage of infected plants presented the typical rusty coloration for the presence of uredinia, mainly on the abaxial leaf surface, and teliospores which appeared at the end of the growing season. All tested clones showed to be susceptible to the disease, with significant incidence and severity differences among them. Clones 'Sirio', 'Baldo' and 'AF8' showed a lower susceptibility with respect to the other clones. Weather data suggested that the early summer attacks observed in 2008 were favored by the high rainfalls recorded in June and by the possible presence of asexual spores which were able to overwinter on infected leaf residues. Microscopic observations of the morphological characteristics of pathogen spores, the examination of infected leaf sections, species-specific PCR assays, and pathotype identification revealed that the recorded rust attacks were caused by the species Melampsora larici-populina (pathotype 2-4) and Melampsora allii-populina. This represents a comprehensive study on the occurrence of poplar leaf rust in central Italy, an area where poplar short rotation coppice (SRC) could potentially increase in the next years. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The Australian community methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus endemic : clonal spread or multiple evolutionary eventsCoombs, Geoffrey Wallace (2012)Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) was first reported in remote indigenous communities living in the sparsely populated Kimberley region of Western Australia (WA). Between 1989 and ...
Lim, Tien Tze (2007)Seventy-four methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from two Malaysian hospitals were characterised by both phenotypic and genotypic techniques. These isolates were collected over an 18 year time period in the ...
Illness Severity in Community-Onset Invasive Staphylococcus aureus Infection and the Presence of Virulence GenesWehrhahn, M.; Robinson, J.; Pascoe, E.; Coombs, Geoffrey; Pearson, J.; O'Brien, Frances; Tan, H.; New, D.; Salvaris, P.; Salvaris, R.; Murray, R. (2012)Background. It is uncertain whether particular clones causing invasive community-onset methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (cMRSA/cMSSA) infection differ in virulence. Methods. Invasive ...