NSM-based approach to meanings of synonyms: Focusing on hearsay markers in Japanese and Korean
MetadataShow full item record
This paper presents a comparative analysis of hearsay markers in Japanese and Korean: souda, rashii, -tte, -?, and -??. These expressions are used in similar situations and are often translated in English as ‘he/she says’, or ‘I heard’. Although these hearsay markers are considered synonyms, they are not necessarily interchangeable. There are subtle differences which cannot be captured by a dictionary or conventional semantic analysis. This study applies the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) Approach proposed and developed by Anna Wierzbicka and colleagues (Goddard 1994, 1998, 2008, 2016; Goddard & Wierzbicka 2002, 2014; Peeters 2006). Using the NSM Approach’s syntactic rules, a combination of semantic primes was used to define each marker and articulate the differences. The data for the analysis comprises three contemporary Japanese television programs which were broadcast between 2005 and 2013. The resulting definitions comprised discrete components that defined the respective markers. The meanings of each expression are illustrated by cognitive scenarios such as ‘I say this because someone else said this’, ‘I say this because someone else said: I know this’, ‘I say this because someone else said something about this’, and ‘I say this because I said this’. The proposed definitions facilitate the understanding of each expression and enable to compare the meanings cross-linguistically.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Shubashini, Shubashini; Sokkalingam, Rajalingam (2011)Trigonometry is an important part of mathematics at high school, college and university. Trigonometry is a subject that many university students find it difficult because it is not offered in depth in the high school to ...
An investigation of the role of digital libraries in bridging the digital divide in developing Arab countries: the case of Yarmouk University, JordanObeidat, Othman (2009)Developing countries are often said to suffer the disadvantages created by a ‘digital divide’ – the gap between the digitally advantaged and the digitally disadvantaged. This study examines the phenomenon of the digital ...
Biology and systematics of Trogoderma species with special reference to morphological and molecular diagnostic techniques for identification of Trogoderma pest speciesCastalanelli, Mark A. (2011)The genus Trogoderma contains some of the world’s most serious invasive pests of wheat and other stored grain products. Even with the application of strict quarantine measures, these grain beetles still find their way ...