A methodology to improve nanosilica based cements used in CO<inf>2</inf>sequestration sites
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© 2018 Southwest Petroleum University Attempts to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere in recent years have led to the development of Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) technology. However, there have been many studies reporting leakages form CO2storage sites as a result of cement degradation induced by generation of an acidic environment in the storage site. Although there are a number of approaches proposed to enhance the efficiency of the cement, the degradation issue has not been totally resolved yet perhaps due to the excessive corrosives nature of carbonic acid and supercritical CO2. The aim of this study is to propose a methodology to improve the physical and mechanical characteristics of the cement by nanomodification such that a consistent rheology, constant density and a good strength development can be achieved. A new dispersion technique was proposed to ensure that the cement formulation gives a consistent result. The results obtained indicated that unlike the literature mixing, cement slurries prepared by the new mixing technique are very consistent in their rheology, regardless of the sonication parameters chosen. The measurements of the compressive strength performed at the reservoir condition revealed that nanosilica contributes in the strength development up to a certain point. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) conducted at the last stage indicated that the amount of Portlandite left in the cement by adding nanosilica is decreased due to the pozzolanic reaction, which would help the cement to have a higher chance of survival in a storage site. However, cautions must be taken to maintain a certain amount of Portlandite in the cement for slowing down the carbonation rate, as otherwise the matrix of the cement is attacked directly and the cement will be degraded very fast.
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