A case study: what is leached from mallee biochars as a function of pH?
MetadataShow full item record
Biochar is widely considered as a soil amendment. This study aims to investigate the leaching of macronutrients (K, Mg and Ca) and organics from biochars produced from mallee biomass (wood, leaf, bark) in a fluidised-bed pyrolyser at 500 °C. Biochars were soaked in solutions of varying pH values and shaken for a pre-set period of time ranging from 1 h to 4 weeks. The initial pH values of the leaching solutions used (3.4, 5.5, 7 and 8.5) covered the pH range of the soils in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia (WA). For these bark, leaf and wood biochars, we can conclude that the biochars have a liming capacity for the acid soils of the WA Wheatbelt, depending on the feedstock. The maximum leachabilities and leaching kinetics of the macronutrients K, Mg and Ca depend on the pH of the solution in which biochar was soaked. Apparently, Ca, K and Mg in biomass are converted into different species upon pyrolysis, and the biomass species are critical for the extent of the leachability of macronutrients. Further, the chemical form of each nutrient retained in the biochars will dictate the kinetics as a function of soil pH. This study’s GC/MS analysis of solvent extraction of the biochars showed potential toxicity due to the leaching of light organic compounds when biochars are added to soils. Furthermore, this study also showed the influence of pH on the leaching of large aromatic organics from the biochars. Apart from the pH of leaching solution, the influence of the biomass feedstock on the leaching kinetics of large aromatic organics from biochars was demonstrated. These leached aromatic organics were characterised by UV-fluorescence spectroscopy.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Removal and Recycling of Inherent Inorganic Nutrient Species in Mallee Biomass and Derived Biochars by Water LeachingWu, Hongwei; Yip, Kong; Kong, Zhaoying; Li, Chun-Zhu; Liu, Dawei; Yu, Yun; Gao, Xiangpeng (2011)Biomass growth extracts inorganic nutrients from soil as inherent nutrient species in the biomass. Unless at least some of these inherent inorganic nutrients are eventually recycled to the soil, biomass utilization during ...
Tuning Biochar Properties via Partial Gasification: Facilitating Inorganic Nutrients Recycling and Altering Organic Matter LeachingLiaw, Sui Boon; Wu, Hongwei (2015)This study reports a systematic study on the potential of employing partial gasification at low conversions for tuning biochar for better properties and facilitating the recycling of inorganic nutrient species. The raw ...
Lievens, Caroline; Mourant, Daniel; Gunawan, Richard; Hu, Xun; Wang, Yi (2015)Characterization of organic compounds leached from biochars is essential in assessing the possible toxicity of the biochar to the soils’ biota. In this study the nature of the leached organic compounds from Mallee biochars, ...