Rammed earth blocks with improved multifunctional performance
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© 2018 Rammed earth is a traditional construction technology that has proven to be sustainable. This paper explores further improvement of its multifunctional performance by increasing the strength, reducing moisture permeation and increasing the thermal resistance. Surface application of microbial cementation was found to increase the strength by 25%. The water permeability and erosion of the blocks also reduced by 24% and 62% respectively, due to surface application of microbial cementation. The thermal test showed that addition of crumb rubber resulted in a temperature difference of around 30 °C even after 6 h. However, the addition of crumb rubber also reduced the strength. This research demonstrates that significant improvement of overall performance of rammed earth materials can be achieved through various treatments. However, the overall performance requirements are specific to the engineering application and synergistic and antagonistic interactions must be considered to obtain an optimal performance.
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