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dc.contributor.authorMoore, H.
dc.contributor.authorFathima, P.
dc.contributor.authorGidding, H.
dc.contributor.authorde Klerk, N.
dc.contributor.authorLiu, B.
dc.contributor.authorSheppeard, V.
dc.contributor.authorEffler, P.
dc.contributor.authorSnelling, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorMcIntyre, P.
dc.contributor.authorBlyth, C.
dc.identifier.citationMoore, H. and Fathima, P. and Gidding, H. and de Klerk, N. and Liu, B. and Sheppeard, V. and Effler, P. et al. 2018. Assessment of on-time vaccination coverage in population subgroups: A record linkage cohort study. Vaccine.

© 2018 Reported infant vaccination coverage at age 12 months in Australia is > 90%. On-time coverage of the 2–4–6 month schedule and coverage in specific populations is rarely reported. We conducted a population-based cohort study of 1.9 million Australian births, 1996–2012, combining individual birth and perinatal records with immunisation records through probabilistic linkage. We assessed on-time coverage across 13 demographic and perinatal characteristics of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccines (DTP) defined as vaccination 14 days prior to the scheduled due date, to 30 days afterwards. On-time DTP vaccination coverage in non-Aboriginal infants was 88.1% for the 2-month dose, 82.0% for 4-month dose, and 76.7% for 6-month dose; 3-dose coverage was 91.3% when assessed at 12 months. On-time DTP coverage for Aboriginal infants was 77.0%, 66.5%, and 61.0% for the 2–4–6 month dose; 3-dose coverage at 12 months was 79.3%. Appreciable differences in on-time coverage were observed across population subgroups. On-time coverage in non-Aboriginal infants born to mothers with =3 previous pregnancies was 62.5% for the 6-month dose (47.9% for Aboriginal infants); up to 23.5 percentage points lower than for first-borns. Infants born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy had coverage 8.7–10.3 percentage points lower than infants born to non-smoking mothers for the 4- and 6-month dose. A linear relationship was apparent between increasing socio-economic disadvantage and decreasing on-time coverage. On-time coverage of the 2–4–6 month schedule is only 50–60% across specific population subgroups representing a significant avoidable public health risk. Aboriginal infants, multiparous mothers, and those who are socio-economically disadvantaged are key groups most likely to benefit from targeted programs addressing vaccine timeliness.

dc.titleAssessment of on-time vaccination coverage in population subgroups: A record linkage cohort study
dc.typeJournal Article
curtin.departmentSchool of Public Health
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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