Certain Dietary Patterns Are Beneficial for the Metabolic Syndrome: Reviewing the Evidence
MetadataShow full item record
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a global public health issue of increasing magnitude. The Asia-Pacific region is expected to be hardest hit due to large population numbers, rising obesity, and insulin resistance (IR). This review assessed the protective effects of dietary patterns and their components on MetS. A literature search was conducted using prominent electronic databases and search terms that included in combination: diet, dietary components, dietary patterns, and metabolic syndrome. Articles were restricted to prospective studies and high quality randomized controlled trials that were conducted on humans, reported in the English language, and within the time period of 2000 to 2012. Traditional factors such as age, gender, physical activity, and obesity were associated with risk of MetS; however, these potential confounders were not always accounted for in study outcomes. Three dietary patterns emerged from the review; a Mediterranean dietary pattern, dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet, and the Nordic Diet. Potential contributors to their beneficial effects on prevalence of MetS or reduction in MetS components included increases in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy and dairy components, calcium, vitamin D, and whey protein, as well as monounsaturated fatty acids, and omega-3 fatty acids. Additional prospective and high quality randomized controlled trial studies that investigate Mediterranean dietary pattern, the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet, and the Nordic Diet would cement the protective benefits of these diets against the MetS.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Disruption of blood-brain barrier function by chronic intake of saturated fat and cholesterol : implications for Alzheimer’s disease riskTakechi, Ryusuke (2010)It has been reported that lifestyle including diet is associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) risk and progression. Population studies indicate that the chronic consumption of diets enriched in saturated fats (SFA) and ...
The dietary patterns methods project: Synthesis of findings across cohorts and relevance to dietary guidanceLiese, A.; Krebs-Smith, S.; Subar, A.; George, S.; Harmon, B.; Neuhouser, M.; Boushey, Carol; Schap, T.; Reedy, J. (2015)Patterns Methods Project (DPMP) was initiated in 2012 to strengthen research evidence on dietary indices, dietary patterns, and health for upcoming revisions of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, given that the lack ...
Temporal Dietary Patterns Derived among the Adult Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 Are Associated with Diet QualityEicher-Miller, H.; Khanna, N.; Boushey, Carol; Gelfand, S.; Delp, E. (2016)Temporal dietary patterns, the distribution of energy or nutrient intakes observed over a period of time, is an emerging area of dietary patterns research that incorporates time of dietary intake with frequency and amount ...