Gaussian MAP Filtering Using Kalman Optimization
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. This paper deals with the update step of Gaussian MAP filtering. In this framework, we seek a Gaussian approximation to the posterior probability density function (PDF) whose mean is given by the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimator. We propose two novel optimization algorithms which are quite suitable for finding the MAP estimate although they can also be used to solve general optimization problems. These are based on the design of a sequence of PDFs that become increasingly concentrated around the MAP estimate. The resulting algorithms are referred to as Kalman optimization (KO) methods. We also provide the important relations between these KO methods and their conventional optimization algorithms (COAs) counterparts, i.e., Newton's and Levenberg-Marquardt algorithms. Our simulations indicate that KO methods are more robust than their COA equivalents.
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