Shame Proneness, Shame Coping, and Functions of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) Among Emerging Adults: A Developmental Analysis
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© 2017, © 2017 Society for the Study of Emerging Adulthood and SAGE Publications. Shame proneness (i.e., experiencing shame in a trait-like manner) and internalizing shame coping styles (e.g., withdrawing/attacking one’s self when feeling shame) predict distress, psychopathology, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among emerging adults. Parental invalidation is instrumental in the development of both maladaptive shame and NSSI. In this study, we proposed that shame proneness and internalized shame coping would link perceived parental invalidation and psychological distress to NSSI functions among emerging adults. A sample of 384 Australian emerging adults with a history of NSSI (M age = 20.7 years, SD = 2.25; 81.3% female, 61.2% Caucasian) completed online self-reports assessing the relevant constructs. Hypothesized indirect effects through shame proneness and internalized shame coping were supported when participants reported using NSSI for intrapersonal (e.g., self-punishment), but not interpersonal (e.g., signaling autonomy), functions. Findings advance theories on why some young people engage in NSSI and implicate perceived parental invalidation and shame as potential clinical targets for NSSI. warranting further research.
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Shame and Non-suicidal Self-injury: Conceptualization and Preliminary Test of a Novel Developmental Model among Emerging AdultsMahtani, S.; Hasking, Penelope; Melvin, G. (2018)© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is particularly prevalent during adolescence and emerging adulthood. The salience of shame during these developmental ...
A longitudinal investigation of non-suicidal self-injury persistence patterns, risk factors, and clinical outcomes during the college periodKiekens, G.; Claes, L.; Hasking, Penelope ; Mortier, P.; Bootsma, E.; Boyes, Mark ; Myin-Germeys, I.; Demyttenaere, K.; Cuijpers, P.; Kessler, R.C.; Nock, M.K.; Bruffaerts, R. (2023)Background Although non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is known typically to begin in adolescence, longitudinal information is lacking about patterns, predictors, and clinical outcomes of NSSI persistence among emerging ...
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