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dc.contributor.authorTudor, V.
dc.contributor.authorMiller-Jones, James
dc.contributor.authorKnigge, C.
dc.contributor.authorMaccarone, T.
dc.contributor.authorTauris, T.
dc.contributor.authorBahramian, A.
dc.contributor.authorChomiuk, L.
dc.contributor.authorHeinke, C.
dc.contributor.authorSivakoff, G.
dc.contributor.authorStrader, J.
dc.contributor.authorPlotkin, R.
dc.contributor.authorSoria, R.
dc.contributor.authorAlbrow, M.
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, G.
dc.contributor.authorvan den Berg, M.
dc.contributor.authorBernardini, F.
dc.contributor.authorBogdanov, S.
dc.contributor.authorBritt, C.
dc.contributor.authorRussell, D.
dc.contributor.authorZurek, D.
dc.identifier.citationTudor, V. and Miller-Jones, J. and Knigge, C. and Maccarone, T. and Tauris, T. and Bahramian, A. and Chomiuk, L. et al. 2018. HST spectrum and timing of the ultracompact X-ray binary candidate 47 Tuc X9. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 476 (2): pp. 1889-1908.

To confirm the nature of the donor star in the ultracompact X-ray binary candidate 47 Tuc X9, we obtained optical spectra (3000–10 000 Å) with the Hubble Space Telescope / Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. We find no strong emission or absorption features in the spectrum of X9. In particular, we place 3σ upper limits on the H α and He ii λ4686 emission line equivalent widths − EWH α ≲ 14 Å and −EW HeII ≲9 −EWHeII≲9 Å, respectively. This is much lower than seen for typical X-ray binaries at a similar X-ray luminosity (which, for L 2--10keV ≈10 33 --10 34 L2--10keV≈1033--1034 erg s−1 is typically − EWH α ∼ 50 Å). This supports our previous suggestion, by Bahramian et al., of an H-poor donor in X9. We perform timing analysis on archival far-ultraviolet, V- and I-band data to search for periodicities. In the optical bands, we recover the 7-d superorbital period initially discovered in X-rays, but we do not recover the orbital period. In the far-ultraviolet, we find evidence for a 27.2 min period (shorter than the 28.2 min period seen in X-rays). We find that either a neutron star or black hole could explain the observed properties of X9. We also perform binary evolution calculations, showing that the formation of an initial black hole/ He-star binary early in the life of a globular cluster could evolve into a present-day system such as X9 (should the compact object in this system indeed be a black hole) via mass-transfer driven by gravitational wave radiation.

dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.titleHST spectrum and timing of the ultracompact X-ray binary candidate 47 Tuc X9
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

curtin.departmentCurtin Institute of Radio Astronomy (Physics)
curtin.accessStatusOpen access

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