Intervening to Enhance Proactivity in Organizations: Improving the Present or Changing the Future
MetadataShow full item record
A growing body of evidence has linked proactivity at work to positive outcomes. Yet little research to date has investigated whether employees’ proactive behavior in organizations can be facilitated through training and development. Nor has research considered which variables shape employees’ responses to such interventions. We investigate the effects on proactivity of two theoretically distinct training and development interventions in a randomized field experiment with police officers and police support staff (N = 112). We hypothesized that a problem-focused intervention, which made discrepancies between the status quo and the ideal present more salient, would lead to increases in individual task proactivity, whereas a vision-focused intervention, which made discrepancies between the status quo and an ideal future more salient, would increase organization member proactivity. Intervention effects were moderated by role overload and future orientation, respectively. Only individuals with high levels of role overload increased their individual task proactivity as a result of the problem-focused intervention, and only individuals high in future orientation increased their organization member proactivity as a result of the vision-focused intervention. Our study integrates different cybernetic perspectives on how proactivity is motivated and provides novel insights into moderators of interventions designed to capture these different mechanisms. From a practical perspective, our study supports organizations seeking to implement training and development interventions and helps them to determine who might benefit most from interventions.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Individual and contextual predictors of team member proactivity: what do we know and where do we go from here?El Baroudi, S.; Khapova, S.; Jansen, P.; Richardson, Julia (2018)Contemporary organizations are placing greater emphasis on team work in order to meet the challenges of an increasingly turbulent business environment. In this context, the relationship between team member proactivity and ...
Vough, H.; Bindl, U.; Parker, Sharon (2017)Proactive work behaviors are self-initiated, future-focused actions aimed at bringing about changes to work processes in organizations. Such behaviors occur within the social context of work. The extant literature that ...
Modelling the co-occurence of Streptococcus pneumoniae with other bacterial and viral pathogens in the upper respiratory tractJacoby, P.; Watson, K.; Bowman, J.; Taylor, A.; Riley, T.; Smith, D.; Lehmann, Deborah (2007)Go to ScienceDirect® Home Skip Main Navigation Links Brought to you by: The University of Western Australia Library Login: + Register Athens/Institution Login Not Registered? - User Name: Password: ...