Tailoring the Overclaiming Technique to Capture Faking Behaviour in Applied Settings: A Field Study of Firefighter Applicants
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In this study, we investigate the Overclaiming Questionnaire (OCQ) as a means of identifying faking behaviour in a sample of firefighter applicants. The OCQ asks respondents to report their knowledge of a set of items, some of which are fake (i.e., non-existent) items; thus claims of knowledge of these items cannot be legitimate. In this study, we developed a ’Fire-fighting OCQ’ with knowledge items that are relevant to firefighting. 519 firefighter applicants completed the Firefighting OCQ and a personality questionnaire, both of which were assessments to be considered for their potential selection into the role. Analyses revealed that overclaiming of knowledge on the Firefighting OCQ was positively associated with scores on a socially desirable responding scale as well as a ’faking’ factor extracted from the personality assessment. It appears that contextually relevant OCQs may be useful for identifying faking behaviour in operational selection settings.
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Liar! Liar! (when stakes are higher): Understanding how the overclaiming technique can be used to measure faking in personnel selectionDunlop, Patrick ; Bourdage, J.; De Vries, R.; McNeill, I.; Jorritsma, Karina; Orchard, M.; Austen, T.; Baines, T.; Choe, W.-K. (2019)Overclaiming questionnaires (OCQs), which capture ‘overclaiming behavior’ or exaggerating one’s knowledge about a given topic, have been proposed as potentially indicative of faking behaviors that plague self-report ...
Holtrop, Djurre ; Van Breda, Ward; Oostrom, Janneke; De Vries, Reinout (2019)INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Some assessment companies are already applying automated text-analysis to job interviews. We aimed to investigate if text-mining software can predict faking in job interviews. To our knowledge, we ...
Hughes, Angus; Holtrop, Djurre ; Dunlop, Patrick; Steedman, Grace; Chan, Joan (2019)Aim: Between 30-50% of job applicants are thought to ‘fake’ on personality measures, representing a challenge to the validity of these assessments by practitioners in the selection process (Griffith, Chmielowski, & Yoshita, ...