The Factors That Influence and Protect Against Power Imbalance in Covert Bullying Among Preadolescent Children at School: A Thematic Analysis
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In this article, the perceptions of preadolescent children (ages 9–11) regarding factors that influence and protect against power imbalance associated with covert aggression and bullying are explored. In aggression research, the term covert has been typically used to describe relational, indirect, and social acts of aggression that are hidden. These behaviors contrast with overt physical and verbal aggression. Children have previously conveyed their belief that covert aggression is harmful because adults do not see it even though children, themselves, are aware. We used focus groups to explore children’s understanding of covert aggression and to identify children’s experience and perception of adult support in relation to bullying. Thematic analysis supported the definition of covert aggression as that which is intentionally hidden from adults. Friendship, social exclusion, and secret from teacher were identified as factors that influence power imbalance, while support from friends and adult support protected against power imbalance.
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Nelson, Helen (2012)Aim. This research aimed to establish baseline age, gender, and sociodemographic differences in school entrants’ social and emotional competence to provide an empirical base for supporting positive responses to normal ...
Protocol for the design of an instrument to measure preadolescent children's self-report of covert aggression and bullyingNelson, Helen; Kendall, Garth; Burns, Sharyn; Schonert-Reichl, K. (2015)INTRODUCTION: Covert bullying in schools is associated with a range of academic, social, emotional and physical health problems. Much research has focused on bullying, but there remains a gap in understanding about covert ...
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