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dc.contributor.authorLingham, G.
dc.contributor.authorMilne, E.
dc.contributor.authorCross, D.
dc.contributor.authorEnglish, D.
dc.contributor.authorJohnston, Robyn
dc.contributor.authorLucas, R.
dc.contributor.authorYazar, S.
dc.contributor.authorMackey, D.
dc.identifier.citationLingham, G. and Milne, E. and Cross, D. and English, D. and Johnston, R. and Lucas, R. and Yazar, S. et al. 2018. Investigating the long-term impact of a childhood sun-exposure intervention, with a focus on eye health: protocol for the Kidskin-Young Adult Myopia Study. BMJ Open. 8 (1): Article ID e020868.

Introduction: Excessive and insufficient sun exposure during childhood have been linked to serious diseases in later life; for example, insufficient sun exposure during childhood may increase the risk of developing myopia. The Kidskin-Young Adult Myopia Study (K-YAMS) is a follow-up of participants in the Kidskin Study, a non-randomised controlled trial that evaluated the effect of a 4-year educational intervention on sun-protection behaviours among primary school children in the late 1990s. Children who received the Kidskin intervention had lower levels of sun exposure compared with peers in the control group after 2 and 4 years of the intervention, but this was not maintained 2 years after the intervention had ceased. Thus, a follow-up of Kidskin Study participants provides a novel opportunity to investigate the associations between a childhood sun-exposure intervention and potentially related conditions in adulthood. Methods and analysis: The K-YAMS contacts Kidskin Study participants and invites them to participate using a variety of methods, such as prior contact details, the Australian Electoral Roll and social media. Self-reported and objective measures of sun-exposure and sun-protection behaviours are collected as well as a number of eye measurements including cycloplegic autorefraction and ocular biometry. Data will be analysed to investigate a possible association between myopic refractive error and Kidskin intervention group or measured sun exposure. Ethics and dissemination: The K-YAMS is approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the University of Western Australia (RA/4/1/6807). Findings will be disseminated via scientific journals and conferences. Trial registration number: ACTRN12616000812392; Pre-results.

dc.publisherBM J Group
dc.titleInvestigating the long-term impact of a childhood sun-exposure intervention, with a focus on eye health: protocol for the Kidskin-Young Adult Myopia Study
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleBMJ Open
curtin.departmentPublic Health Advocacy Institute of WA
curtin.accessStatusOpen access

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