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dc.contributor.authorWarne, Michael
dc.contributor.authorHeemsbergen, Diane
dc.contributor.authorStevens , D
dc.contributor.authorMcLaughlin, Michael
dc.contributor.authorCozens, G
dc.contributor.authorWhatmuff, Mark
dc.contributor.authorBroos, K
dc.contributor.authorBarry, G.
dc.contributor.authorBell, M.
dc.contributor.authorNash, David
dc.contributor.authorPritchard, Deborah
dc.contributor.authorPenney, Nancy
dc.identifier.citationWarne, Michael and Heemsbergen, Diane and Stevens , D and McLaughlin, Michael and Cozens, G and Whatmuff, Mark and Broos, K and Barry, Glenn and Bell, Mike and Nash, David and Pritchard, Deborah and Penney, Nancy. 2008. Modelling the toxicity of Cu and Zn salts to wheat in fourteen soils.. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27 (4): pp. 786-792.

There is mounting interest in developing and utilising soil-specific soil quality guidelines. This requires quantifying the effects that soil physicochemical properties have on various ecotoxicological endpoints including phytotoxicity. To this end, 14 agricultural soils from Australia with differing soil properties were spiked with copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) salts and used to conduct 21 d plant growth inhibition tests using wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in pot trials. The toxicity of Cu and Zn was similar with EC10 values ranging from 110 ? 945 and from 235 ? 965 mg kg-1 respectively, while the corresponding EC50 values ranged from 240 ? 1405 and 470 ? 1745 mg kg-1 respectively. Copper toxicity values (EC50, 20 and 10) were best modelled by logarithm of cation exchange capacity (CEC) and either soil pH or electrical conductivity. Zinc EC50 and 20 values were best modelled using the logarithm of CEC while the EC10 data was best modelled using soil pH and the logarithm of organic carbon. These models generally estimated toxicity within a factor of two of the measured values.

dc.publisherSociety of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)
dc.subjectSoil Phytotoxicity
dc.titleModelling the toxicity of Cu and Zn salts to wheat in fourteen soils.
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
curtin.departmentMuresk Institute
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available

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