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dc.contributor.authorLiu, J.
dc.contributor.authorKwan, R.
dc.contributor.authorLai, C.
dc.contributor.authorHill, Keith
dc.identifier.citationLiu, J. and Kwan, R. and Lai, C. and Hill, K. 2018. A simplified 10-step Tai-chi programme to enable people with dementia to improve their motor performance: a feasibility study. Clinical Rehabilitation. 32 (12): pp. 1609–1623.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effects of a simplified 10-step Tai-chi programme to improve the motor performance of people with dementia. Design: A two-arm, single-blinded cluster randomized controlled trial, registered with (NCT03341091). Setting: Community health centres. Participants: Twenty-six dyads of people with dementia and their family caregivers were recruited, with mean (SD) ages of 82.2 (7.43) and 51.3 (18.97), respectively. Interventions: The experimental group underwent a 16 week 10-step simplified Tai-chi training programme, with additional measures to enhance engagement. The control group joined recreational activities organized by the centres. Main outcome measure(s): The feasibility assessment included recruitment, attrition, adherence to, and engagement in the Tai-chi programme. The preliminary effects were assessed by the participants’ performance in mobility tests. Results: Preliminary feasibility was established, with an acceptable recruitment rate of 58% (26 out of 45 assessed dyads) and a high attendance rate of 81% (25.88 out of 32 Tai-chi sessions). There was positive engagement in the training sessions, and no adverse incidents. However, five participants withdrew from the Tai-chi group, for a high attrition rate of 38%, and the mean home practice time decreased between weeks 8 and 16. In most of the motor performance tests, a slight but insignificant improvement was observed in the Tai-chi group compared to the control group. Conclusion: A tailored Tai-chi programme for people with dementia using a dyadic approach has been found to be feasible. However, stronger support must be provided to family caregivers to improve the participants’ sustained participation.

dc.publisherSage Publications Ltd
dc.titleA simplified 10-step Tai-chi programme to enable people with dementia to improve their motor performance: a feasibility study
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleClinical Rehabilitation
curtin.accessStatusFulltext not available
curtin.facultyFaculty of Health Sciences

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