Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study
MetadataShow full item record
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. There is a consistent inverse relationship between fruit intake with CVD events and mortality in cross-sectional and prospective observational studies, but the relationship of fruit intake with measurements of atherosclerosis in humans is less clear. Nutritional effects on abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), a marker for subclinical intimal and medial atherosclerotic vascular disease, have not been studied previously. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional relationship of total and individual fruit (apple, pear, orange and other citrus, and banana) intake with AAC, scored between 0 and 24. The current study assessed baseline data for a cohort of 1052 women over 70 years of age who completed both a food frequency questionnaire assessing fruit intake, and underwent AAC measurement using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. AAC scores were significantly negatively correlated with total fruit and apple intakes (p < 0.05), but not with pear, orange or banana intakes (p > 0.25). In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression, each standard deviation (SD; 50 g/day) increase in apple intake was associated with a 24% lower odds of having severe AAC (AAC score >5) (odd ratio OR): 0.76 (0.62, 0.93), p = 0.009). Total and other individual fruit intake were not associated with increased odds of having severe AAC. Apple but not total or other fruit intake is independently negatively associated with AAC in older women.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Hodgson, J.; Prince, R.; Woodman, R.; Bondonno, C.; Ivey, K.; Bondonno, N.; Rimm, E.; Ward, Natalie; Croft, K.; Lewis, J. (2016)Copyright © The Authors 2016 Higher fruit intake is associated with lower risk of all-cause and disease-specific mortality. However, data on individual fruits are limited, and the generalisability of these findings to the ...
Regulation of fruit colour development, quality and storage life of ‘Cripps Pink’ apple with deficit irrigation and plant bioregulatorsWan Sembok, Wan Zaliha Binti (2009)Poor and erratic fruit colour development in ‘Cripps Pink’ apple causes serious economic losses to the growers and/or exporters of Western Australia and other parts of the world. Many internal and external factors such ...
Training systems and pre-harvest ethrel application affect fruit colour development and quality of 'Pink Lady' apple at harvest and in controlled atmosphere storageSingh, Zora; Shafiq, Muhammad (2008)Development of poor red blush on the surface of apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) fruit at commercial harvest is one of the major limiting factors for theirexport. Ethylene has been reported to directly affect accumulation ...