Mental and physical health correlates of discrimination against people who inject drugs: A systematic review
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© 2018, Alcohol Research Documentation Inc. All rights reserved. Objective: The perception that people who use illicit drugs are deviant has contributed to the stigmatization of this population. The primary aim of this review is to examine the links among injection-related discrimination, mental health, physical health, and quality of life in people who inject drugs. We also identify settings, perpetrators of discrimination, and coping strategies developed by people who inject drugs to deal with the issue. Method: Online databases MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, CINAHL (EbscoHost), and PsycINFO (APA PsycNET) were searched for articles focusing on injection-related discrimination against people who inject drugs. Findings were compared for consistency. Qualitative and quantitative articles were evaluated separately. Results: Eleven articles were included in the final review. Several links between discrimination and negative health outcomes were identified. Discrimination was associated with engagement in risky injecting behavior as well as psychological distress. The perpetrators of discrimination against people who inject drugs included general community members and service providers. Attempts to hide addiction was the main strategy used to cope with discrimination. Conclusions: Injection-related discrimination was associated with higher psychological distress levels, unhealthy behaviors, and low quality of life in people who inject drugs. By addressing the stigma of deviance, discrimination and associated negative health outcomes may be reduced.
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Frequent experience of discrimination among people who inject drugs: Links with health and wellbeingCouto e Cruz, C.; Salom, C.; Dietze, P.; Lenton, Simon; Burns, L.; Alati, Rosa (2018)© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Background: Previous research has shown that people who inject drugs (PWID) experience discrimination on a regular basis. This study explores the relationships between discrimination against PWID and ...
Couto e Cruz, C.; Salom, C.; Dietze, P.; Burns, L.; Alati, Rosa (2019)© 2018 Background: Discrimination can be a daily issue in the lives of people who inject drugs (PWID). However, the extent to which discrimination is related to the health of PWID remains unclear. Methods: Data focusing ...
Differences in polysubstance use patterns and drug-related outcomes between people who inject drugs receiving and not receiving opioid substitution therapiesBetts, K.; Chan, G.; McIlwraith, F.; Dietze, P.; Whittaker, E.; Burns, L.; Alati, Rosa (2016)© 2016 Society for the Study of Addiction Aims: To test if polysubstance use profiles and drug-related outcomes differ between those receiving and not receiving opioid substitution therapies (OST) among people who inject ...