Dyadic interventions to promote physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour: systematic review and meta-analysis
MetadataShow full item record
© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Several interventions have targeted dyads to promote physical activity (PA) or reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), but the evidence has not been synthesised. Sixty-nine studies were identified from MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science, and 59 were included in the main meta-analyses (providing 72 independent tests). Intervention details, type of dyadic goal, participant characteristics, and methodological quality were extracted and their impact on the overall effect size was examined. Sensitivity analyses tested effect robustness to (a) the effects of other statistically significant moderators; (b) outliers; (c) data included for participants who were not the main target of the intervention. Dyadic interventions had a small positive, highly heterogeneous, effect on PA g =.203, 95% CI [0.123–0.282], compared to comparison conditions including equivalent interventions targeting individuals. Shared target-oriented goals (where both dyad members hold the same PA goal for the main target of the intervention) and peer/friend dyads were associated with larger effect sizes across most analyses. Dyadic interventions produced a small homogeneous reduction in SB. Given dyadic interventions promote PA over-and-above equivalent interventions targeting individuals, these interventions should be more widespread. However, moderating factors such as the types of PA goal and dyad need to be considered to maximise effects.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A simplified 10-step Tai-chi programme to enable people with dementia to improve their motor performance: a feasibility studyLiu, J.; Kwan, R.; Lai, C.; Hill, Keith (2018)Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effects of a simplified 10-step Tai-chi programme to improve the motor performance of people with dementia. Design: A two-arm, single-blinded cluster randomized ...
Personality traits and relationship perceptions in coach-athlete dyads: Do opposites really attract?Jackson, B.; Dimmock, J.; Gucciardi, Daniel; Grove, J. (2011)Objectives: The resurgence in mainstream personality research over recent decades has providedsubstantive insight into the way in which dyad members’ traits shape their relational experiences.Surprisingly, researchers are ...
Effects of big-five personality traits on the quality of relationship and satisfaction in Chinese coach-athlete dyadsyANG, S.; JOWETT, S.; Chan, Derwin (2015)© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. The present study examined the influence of personality traits on the quality of the Chinese coach-athlete relationship and satisfaction through a dyadic research design. A total of 350 ...