The Mediating Role of Training Behaviors on Self- Reported Mental Toughness and Mentally Tough Behavior in Swimming
MetadataShow full item record
© 2018 American Psychological Association. Self-regulated training behaviors play a vital role in athletes' physical and mental sporting development. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the mediating role of self-regulated training behaviors (self- and coach-rated) on the relationship between self-reported mental toughness (MT) and coaches' perceptions of swimmers' mentally tough behavior (MTb) in competition. A second purpose of the study was to examine how discrepancies in coach and athlete perceptions of training behaviors related to coach perceptions of swimmers' MTb in competition. A sample of 12 swimming coaches (11 men and 1 women) and 208 of their competitive swimmers (86 men and 122 women) participated in the study. The swimmers completed self-report assessments of MT and self-regulated training behaviors. The coaches completed questionnaires regarding observations of their swimmers' MTb in competition and a smaller pool of items from the athletes self-regulated training behaviors questionnaire. Findings supported our hypotheses that MT was positively related to self-regulated training behaviors (self- and coach-rated), and training behaviors were positively related to coach-rated MTb. Further, self-regulated training behaviors (ß = 0.12; confidence interval [CI; 0.05, 0.20]) and coach-rated perceptions of training behaviors (ß = 0.07; CI [0.03, 0.13]) mediated the relationship between self-report MT and coach-rated MTb in competition. Finally, a significant amount of variance in MTb was accounted for (23%) only when there was agreement between the coach and the athlete regarding the level of self-regulated training behaviors. We recommend that future research examines what specific types of training behaviors positively influence MT.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The relationship between observed and perceived assessments of the coach-created motivational environment and links to athlete motivationSmith, N.; Tessier, D.; Tzioumakis, Y.; Fabra, P.; Quested, Eleanor; Appleton, P.; Sarrazin, P.; Papaioannou, A.; Balaguer, I.; Duda, J. (2016)Objectives: The majority of research examining the relationship between the coach-created motivational and athlete motivation has relied on self-report measures. Grounded in Duda's (2013) theoretically integrated model, ...
Gucciardi, Daniel; Jackson, B.; Hanton, S.; Reid, M. (2015)Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine motivational correlates of mentally tough behaviours among adolescent tennis players. Design: Two-phase study, involving the development of an informant-rated measure ...
Coulter, T.; Mallett, C.; Gucciardi, Daniel (2010)We explored mental toughness in soccer using a triangulation of data capture involving players (n = 6), coaches (n = 4), and parents (n = 5). Semi-structured interviews, based on a personal construct psychology (Kelly, ...