A New Approach to Improve PV Power Injection in LV Electrical Systems Using DVR
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With increasing photovoltaic (PV) penetration in low-voltage (LV) distribution networks, voltage violation during the peak PV generation period is one of the main power quality concerns. To minimize the PV power curtailment caused by voltage violations, this paper proposes a new approach utilizing one dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) at the secondary of an existing urban distribution transformer as a continuous voltage compensator with an accompanying control algorithm. The voltage compensation algorithm controls the DVR in real-time to prevent over-voltage and under-voltage at all network nodes, thereby maximizing PV injection and preventing equipment damage. The controller uses the equivalent line impedance of network to estimate the average voltage of load points without the need for any communication links for measuring load voltages. In this approach, the fixed tap changer of the distribution transformer is also optimally adjusted to minimize the DVR rating using a proposed offline optimization method. Simulation results on IEEE LV test feeder prove the ability of the DVR in maintaining all network node voltages within the allowable range in peak demand and peak PV generation periods with the benefit of injecting only a small amount of active and reactive power to the system, in contrast to alternative algorithms.
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