A daily diary approach to investigate the effect of ego depletion on intentions and next day behavior
MetadataShow full item record
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Objectives: Ego depletion impairs physical and cognitive capacities, but its effects on daily intentions and behavior remain unclear. This study provides insight into relationships between ego depletion, intentions, and exercise, leisure sitting and other non-activity related behaviors. Design: The study involved repeated assessment using a daily diary. Method: Australian university students (N = 103, 52% female, M age = 22 years) self-reported end-of-day ego depletion, decisional intentions, and behavior for time spent exercising, in leisure-time sitting, doing paid work, sleeping, studying, housework, and the amount of alcohol consumed across seven days. Results: When people were more ego depleted at the time of reporting intentions, they intended to exercise for less time the next day than when people were less ego depleted. However, if people were highly ego depleted when reporting exercise intentions for the next day, they were subsequently more likely to reach those intentions. There were no significant effects of ego depletion on intentions or on the likelihood of achieving intentions for any behavior other than exercise. Conclusions: Given that the effects of ego depletion on intentions and behavior were seen for exercise but not other daily behaviors, it may be that ego depletion only impacts intentions to engage in physically effortful behavior. Future research is needed to test replicability of the effects. Interventions may consider accounting for ego depletion in efforts to enhance behavioral intentions; however, the findings also highlight the importance of keeping behavior change (as opposed to change in intentions) as the main outcome focus.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Brown, Annette (2002)Maintenance of physical function with advancing age is vital to continued independent living, which is highly valued by older people. Although commonly associated with the ageing process, loss of functional ability may ...
Does action follow intention with participation in home and group-based falls prevention exercise programs? An exploratory, prospective, observational studyHaines, T.; Hill, Keith; Vu, T.; Clemson, L.; Finch, C.; Day, L. (2016)© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Background: Exercise for falls prevention is effective but of limited uptake in real life. The link between intention and behavior is central to many health-behavior models, but has not been ...
Exercise training for people following curative intent treatment for non-small cell lung cancer: a randomized controlled trialCavalheri, Vinicius; Jenkins, S.; Cecins, N.; Gain, K.; Phillips, M.; Sanders, L.; Hill, K. (2017)Objective: In people following curative intent treatment for non-small cell lung cancer, to investigate the effects of supervised exercise training on exercise capacity, physical activity and sedentary behavior, peripheral ...