Toward a better assessment of perceived social influence: The relative role of significant others on young athletes
MetadataShow full item record
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd The purpose of this three-study paper was to develop and validate the Perceived Social Influence in Sport Scale-2 (PSISS-2) that aimed to resolve the limitations of PSISS-1 in assessing the relative social influence of significant others in youth sport. In Study 1, a pool of 60 items generated from revisiting a qualitative dataset about significant others of young athletes were examined by two expert panel reviews in terms of content validity, clarity, coverage, and age-appropriateness, leading to the development of 16 items of the PSISS-2. In Study 2, multi-group exploratory structural equation model for PSISS-2 was conducted among 904 young athletes, and the results supported a model comprising positive influence (ie, conditional and unconditional positive influence combined), punishment (ie, conditional negative influence), and dysfunction (ie, unconditional negative influence) as three factors. The goodness of fit of the three-factor model was acceptable and invariant across the coach-, father-, mother-, and teammates-versions of PSISS-2. In support of the criterion validity of PSISS-2, the three factors explained substantial variance of young athletes’ perceived competence, effort, enjoyment, and trait anxiety in sport. Study 3 examined the relationship between PSISS-2 factors, psychological need support, and controlling behaviors in a subsample of 452 young athletes, and the findings supported the concurrent validity and discriminant validity of the scale. In conclusion, the data are supportive of PSISS-2. The three factors of the scale (ie, positive influence, punishment, and dysfunction) may form a new framework for understanding and comparing the relative role of significant others in youth sport.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Bhavsar, Nikita; Ntoumanis, Nikos ; Quested, Eleanor ; Gucciardi, Daniel ; Thogersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie; Ryan, R.M.; Reeve, J.; Sarrazin, P.; Bartholomew, K.J. (2019)© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. Objectives: Various self-report measures based on Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Ryan & Deci, 2017) have been developed to assess athletes’ perceptions of their coaches’ need supportive ...
Youth athletes’ perception of autonomy support from the coach, peer motivational climate and intrinsic motivation in sport setting: One-year effectsJõesaar, H.; Hein, V.; Hagger, Martin (2012)Objectives: Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985) and achievement goal theory (AGT; Nicholls, 1989), the present study examined the temporal stability and reciprocal relationships among three key ...
Bhavsar, Nikita; Bartholomew, K.J.; Quested, Eleanor ; Gucciardi, Daniel ; Thogersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie ; Reeve, J.; Sarrazin, P.; Ntoumanis, Nikos (2020)© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Objectives: Research guided by Self-determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Ryan & Deci, 2017) has repeatedly demonstrated the importance of focusing on both the bright (satisfaction) and dark ...