Diffusing Risk and Building Resilience through Innovation: Reciprocal Exchange Relationships, Livelihood Vulnerability and Food Security amongst Smallholder Farmers in Papua New Guinea
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© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This paper examines how oil palm migrant farmers in Papua New Guinea are responding to shortages of land for food gardening. Despite rapid population growth and planting nearly all of their land to oil palm, virtually all families continue to grow sufficient food for their families. The paper outlines the diverse range of adaptive strategies that households have employed to maintain food security, involving both intensification and innovation in farming systems. While gains from intensification have been significant and built resilience, they have been incremental, whereas innovation has been transformative and led to large gains in resilience. The adoption of more flexible land access arrangements on state leasehold land that ‘revive’ and adapt indigenous systems of land sharing and exchange that operated through kinship networks on customary land are innovative; they have increased the supply of land for food gardening thereby reducing risk for individual households and the broader smallholder community. The paper highlights the value of understanding farmer-driven innovations and the role of indigenous institutions and cultural values in sustaining and enhancing household food security.
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Maintaining Household Food and Income Security amongst Oil Palm Smallholders: the One Hectare Replant Trial, Bialla, West New Britain Province, Papua New GuineaCurry, George; Nake, Steven; Tilden, Geraldine; Koczberski, Gina; Pileng, Linus; Germis, Emmanuel (2019)Rapid population growth is undermining food security amongst oil palm smallholders in two key ways. First, diminishing per capita incomes are reducing people’s capacity to purchase store foods; and secondly, the area of ...
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Koczberski, Gina; Curry, George; Bue, Veronica (2012)This paper is concerned with food security and access to land for food crop gardening among first and second generation migrant oil palm producers in West New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. We examine changes in food ...