Klotho allele status is not associated with Aß and APOE e4–related cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer's disease
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© 2019 Elsevier Inc. The longevity gene Klotho (KL), specifically the functional KL-VS variant, has previously been associated with cognition and rates of cognitive decline. This study aimed to determine whether KL-VS associations with cognition were observable in preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study also aimed to determine whether there was a combined influence of KL-VS, neocortical amyloid-ß (Aß) burden, and carriage of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) e4 allele on cognitive decline. This study involved 581 Aß-imaged, cognitively normal older adults, enrolled in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Aging. Linear mixed effects models revealed no significant associations between KL-VS and cognitive decline independently or in combination with Aß burden and APOE e4 genotype. Overall, previous associations reported between KL-VS and cognitive decline are not observed at the preclinical stages of AD. Furthermore, the results do not support the hypothesis that KL-VS has a modifying effect on Aß burden and APOE e4–driven cognitive decline in preclinical AD.
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