Prevalence of reagent test-kit use and perceptions of purity among ecstasy users in an electronic dance music scene in New York City
MetadataShow full item record
© 2018 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Introduction and Aims: Ecstasy users in the electronic dance music scene are at high risk for using ecstasy adulterated with new psychoactive substances and/or methamphetamine. We examined self-reported testing of ecstasy among users in this scene. Design and Methods: We surveyed individuals (aged 18–40 years) entering electronic dance music parties in New York City in 2017. Past-year ecstasy users (n = 351) were asked if they had tested their ecstasy in the past year. We estimated prevalence and correlates of having tested one's ecstasy. Results: 23.1% reported having tested their ecstasy in the past year. Those with some college (adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR] = 0.49, P = 0.014) or a college degree (aPR = 0.41, P = 0.025) were less likely to test their ecstasy than those with a high school diploma or less. Using ecstasy pills (aPR = 1.89, P = 0.036) or crystals (aPR = 1.90, P = 0.006) =3 times in the past year was associated with increased likelihood of testing one's ecstasy, and purchasing from an unknown or untrustworthy dealer was associated with decreased likelihood (aPR = 0.63, P = 0.034) of testing one's ecstasy. Half (51.1%) of ecstasy users reported finding out or suspecting their ecstasy had contained a drug other than MDMA. Of these, 49.2% reported finding out their ecstasy contained methamphetamine or speed/amphetamine. Most ecstasy users reported that they would be less likely to use again upon learning their ecstasy contained ‘bath salts’ (54.8%) or methamphetamine (54.3%). Discussion and Conclusions: Drug testing appears to help ecstasy users detect adulterants and results can help inform harm reduction efforts. Less frequent users in particular may require education about adulteration and drug-testing.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Self-reported recent testing and diagnosis for sexually transmitted infections among regular ecstasy users in Australia, 2011–2012Nguyen, P.; Bruno, R.; Alati, R.; Lenton, Simon; Burns, L.; Dietze, P. (2013)Background: Previous studies suggest that people who consume alcohol and drugs are at increased risk of sexually transmitted infections (STI). We examined the prevalence and predictors of self-reported STI testing and ...
Recreational drug use and binge drinking: Stimulant but not cannabis intoxication is associated with excessive alcohol consumptionMcKetin, Rebecca; Chalmers, J.; Sunderland, M.; Bright, D. (2014)Abstract: Introduction and Aims: Binge drinking is elevated among recreational drug users, but it is not clear whether this elevation is related to intoxication with recreational drugs. We examined whether stimulant ...
Chow, C.; Vallance, K.; Stockwell, Tim; Macdonald, S.; Martin, G.; Ivsins, A.; Marsh, D.; Michelow, W.; Roth, E.; Cameron, D. (2013)Research shows that sexual minorities are at greater risk for illicit substance use andrelated harm than their heterosexual counterparts. This study examines a group ofactive drug users to assess whether sexual identity ...