Exploring Factors Associated With Physical Activity in Older Adults: An Ecological Approach
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Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2018, 27 (3): pp. 343-353, https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0148 © Human Kinetics, Inc.
According to ecological models of behavior, the physical environment can influence physical activity engagement by a series of mediating and moderating processes. This study tested such a model to identify factors relevant to older adults' engagement in moderate-vigorous physical activity. Sociodemographic, psychological, physical, and environmental factors were assessed in 432 Western Australians aged 60 and older. Moderate-vigorous physical activity was measured objectively using accelerometers. No environmental variables were related to engagement in moderate-vigorous physical activity either directly or indirectly. However, various individual-level factors were significant, indicating that these may be more important than environmental factors in locations such as Australia that have generally conducive environments and ambient conditions.
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