How do housing and labour markets affect individual homelessness?
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We examine the impact of housing and labour market conditions on individual risks of homelessness. Our innovation is a focus on homelessness entries, although findings from jointly estimated homelessness entry and exit probit equations are reported. Risky behaviours and life experiences such as regular use of drugs, the experience of violence and biographies of acute disadvantage lead to a higher risk of becoming homeless. Public housing is a strong protective factor. We find clear evidence that for certain subgroups it is being the ‘wrong person in the wrong place’ that matters most when considering risks of entering homelessness. Indigenous Australians, for example, are no more likely to become homeless than other vulnerable groups holding housing and labour market conditions constant. However, tighter housing markets and weaker labour markets expose Indigenous Australians to significantly higher risks of entering homelessness.
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Entries and exits from homelessness: A dynamic analysis of the relationship between structural conditions and individual characteristicsJohnson, G.; Scutella, R.; Tseng, Y.; Wood, Gavin; Guy, J.; Rosanna, S.; Yi-Ping, T.; Gavin, W. (2015)This report examines the relationship between structural factors, individual characteristics and homelessness. Our interest in the interaction of structural conditions and individual characteristics gives rise to two ...
Wood, Gavin; Batterham, D.; Cigdem, M.; Mallett, S. (2014)This is the first of two reports focusing on the structural factors underlying homelessness in Australia. This first stage details the analysis undertaken with large secondary data sources to examine the spatial dynamics ...
Wood, Gavin; Batterham, D.; Cigdem, M.; Mallett, S. (2015)This second and final report, from a project addressing this broad question, builds on our earlier analysis of the spatial dynamics of homelessness from 2001 to 2011. It examines the role of housing and labour markets, ...