Is the relationship between physical activity intentions and behaviour convex? A test across 13 studies
MetadataShow full item record
© 2019 Objectives: Previous research documented that the construct of intentions related to physical activity participation by a linear function. As a consequence, researchers using linear analysis tacitly conclude that effects of unfavourable and favourable intentions on physical activity participation are exactly the same. In this study, we examined whether favourable and unfavourable intentions exerted differential effects on participation in physical activities across 13 published or unpublished studies. Method: Data consisted of 13 samples sourced from published and unpublished studies. Results: In partial support of our hypothesis, non-linear analysis revealed that in 7 out of 13 studies intentions predicted physical activity participation when intentions were favourable, but when intentions were unfavourable effects of intentions on physical activity participation were smaller. Conclusions: The theoretical significance of the present study is that it identifies a new boundary condition for the construct of intentions that delineates the more specific conditions under which intentions are more likely to predict participation in physical activities.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Brown, Annette (2002)Maintenance of physical function with advancing age is vital to continued independent living, which is highly valued by older people. Although commonly associated with the ageing process, loss of functional ability may ...
Theory-based interventions combining mental simulation and planning techniques to improve physical activity: Null results from two randomized controlled trialsMeslot, C.; Gauchet, A.; Allenet, B.; Francois, O.; Hagger, Martin (2016)Interventions to assist individuals in initiating and maintaining regular participation in physical activity are not always effective. Psychological and behavioral theories advocate the importance of both motivation and ...
The two sides of goal intentions: Intention self-concordance and intention strength as predictors of physical activityFuchs, R.; Seelig, H.; Göhner, W.; Schlatterer, M.; Ntoumanis, Nikos (2016)Objective: The present research introduces an extended conceptualisation of self-concordance, which is considered an attribute not only of goals, but also of goal intentions. Based on a corresponding operationalisation, ...