From fish and forest to salt and shrimp: the changing nature of coastal development policy and its impact on coastal resources and communities in Southeast Bangladesh
MetadataShow full item record
Coastal Bangladesh is both rich in aquatic and terrestrial resources and subject to natural and humanmade risks and vulnerabilities of flood, cyclone, political change, competition for resources, deforestation, piracy and the like. Since the 1950s, two of the most important transformations in land use along the coastal region of Southeast Bangladesh have been the growth of solar evaporative salt production (from an older salt sector) and the introduction of export shrimp culture. This paper traces the development of these two 'industries' over the past 50 years in the southern part of the southeast coastal region. It summarises their impact on longstanding land and aquatic use practices such as fishing, farming and forestry and on the lives of people dependent upon these practices. Through a case study of the Chakoria Sundarban, it illustrates the piecemeal and fragmented approach to coastal development of the East Pakistan and Bangladesh governments since 1950 to the 1990s. Finally, it describes briefly the new Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan set for implementation in 2006, which promises to provide a more inclusive and integrated approach to coastal planning.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rahman, M.; Pokrant, Bob (2015)Coastal Bangladesh is experiencing the effects of weather and climate-related stressors. The paper reports on the ways in which members of nine occupational groups in two coastal villages in South-west Bangladesh understand ...
Coastal multi-hazard vulnerability assessment along the Ganges deltaic coast of Bangladesh - A geospatial approachAshraful Islam, M.; Mitra, D.; Dewan, Ashraf; Akhter, S. (2016)It is ironic that countries that are least responsible for or insignificant contributors to global climate change, are in fact, the most susceptible to its harmful impact. The Ganges deltaic coast, one of the largest ...
Reeves, Peter; Pokrant, Bob; McGuire, John (2014)This chapter is concerned with the ways in which institutional change in the structure of artisanal fisheries in colonial South Asia affected the position of those engaged in the industry. It examines the ‘experiment’ ...