Personalized Three-Dimensional Printed Models in Congenital Heart Disease
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Patient-specific three-dimensional (3D) printed models have been increasingly used in cardiology and cardiac surgery, in particular, showing great value in the domain of congenital heart disease (CHD). CHD is characterized by complex cardiac anomalies with disease variations between individuals; thus, it is difficult to obtain comprehensive spatial conceptualization of the cardiac structures based on the current imaging visualizations. 3D printed models derived from patient’s cardiac imaging data overcome this limitation by creating personalized 3D heart models, which not only improve spatial visualization, but also assist preoperative planning and simulation of cardiac procedures, serve as a useful tool in medical education and training, and improve doctor–patient communication. This review article provides an overall view of the clinical applications and usefulness of 3D printed models in CHD. Current limitations and future research directions of 3D printed heart models are highlighted.
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Sun, Zhonghua; Lau, Ivan (2018)Three-dimensional (3D) printing has shown great promise in medicine with increasing reports in congenital heart disease (CHD). This systematic review aims to analyse the main clinical applications and accuracy of 3D ...
Quantitative assessment of 3D printed model accuracy in delineating the normal heart anatomy based on in vitro phantom experimentsLee, Shen-yuan; Squelch, Andrew; Sun, Zhonghua (2019)Background Although the diagnosis of heart disease has improved with the rapid development of scanning techniques such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and echocardiography, there are still ...
Clinical value of patient-specific three-dimensional printing of congenital heart disease: Quantitative and qualitative assessmentsLau, I.; Liu, D.; Xu, L.; Fan, Z.; Sun, Zhonghua (2018)Objective: Current diagnostic assessment tools remain suboptimal in demonstrating complex morphology of congenital heart disease (CHD). This limitation has posed several challenges in preoperative planning, communication ...