Numerical Investigation of Low-Salinity Waterflooding Capability to Enhanced Oil Recovery
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Low-salinity water flooding (LSWF) is one of techniques that can be used to improve oil production and has gained a significant attention in these days because of its advantages over conventional water flooding and chemical flooding. Even though many mechanisms have been recommended on an extra oil recovery achieved using LSWF process, the principle fundamental of the mechanism is still not fully understood. This research paper investigates the potential of oil recovery in an onshore sandstone reservoir using LSWF. A field-scale three–dimensional reservoir model has been developed via CMG’s GEM compositional simulator where the model validated against a real production field data that were in good agreement with a deviation value of 8%. The primary mechanism of LSWF has been identified by providing incremental oil recovery due to a multi-component ion exchange mechanism that causes wettability alteration of reservoir rock from oil-wet to water-wet. The sensitivity study showed that LSWF provides a higher accumulative oil production compared to conventional high salinity water injection with 13.5 and 12 MMSTB. Moreover, the early time of low saline brine injection can provide a maximum oil recovery up to 71%. Therefore, implementing this scenario immediately after the primary recovery, it provides production benefits in both secondary and tertiary method. The oil recover factor increased to 75.5% with the increasing of brine injection rate up to an optimum value of 5320 bbl/d. A reservoir temperature also influenced the ion exchange wettability alteration during LSWF in which as the temperature increasing enhances the oil recovery. Therefore, a high temperature sandstone reservoir will be a potential candidate for LSWF.
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