Bayesian estimation and model selection of a multivariate smooth transition autoregressive model
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The multivariate smooth transition autoregressive model with order k (M-STAR)(k) is a nonlinear multivariate time series model able to capture regime changes in the conditional mean. The main aim of this paper is to develop a Bayesian estimation scheme for the M-STAR(k) model that includes the coefficient parameter matrix, transition function parameters, covariance parameter matrix, and the model order k as parameters to estimate. To achieve this aim, the joint posterior distribution of the parameters for the M-STAR(k) model is derived. The conditional posterior distributions are then shown, followed by the design of a posterior simulator using a combination of Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms that includes the Metropolis-Hastings, Gibbs sampler, and reversible jump MCMC algorithms. Following this, extensive simulation studies, as well as case studies, are detailed at the end.
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