Dry Taps? A Synthesis of Alternative “Wash” Methods in the Absence of Water and Sanitizers in the Prevention of Coronavirus in Low-Resource Settings
MetadataShow full item record
© The Author(s) 2020. Published in Journal of Primary Care and Community Health.
Objective: Social distancing and hand washing with soap and water have been advocated as the main proactive measures against the spread of coronavirus. We sought to find out what other alternative materials and methods would be used among populations without running water and who may not afford alcohol-based sanitizers. Results: We reviewed studies that reported use of sand, soil, ash, soda ash, seawater, alkaline materials, and sunlight as possible alternatives to handwashing with soap and water. We identified the documented mechanism of actions of these alternative wash methods on both inanimate surfaces and at cellular levels. The consideration of use of these alternative locally available in situations of unavailability of soap and water and alcohol-based sanitizers is timely in the face of coronavirus pandemic. Further randomized studies need to be carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of these alternatives in management of SARS-Cov-2.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Fazakerley, Victor William (2005)This study makes a contribution to the Australian urban water supply industry because it highlights some of the critical issues the industry faces in the future. Through the scenarios it illuminates an alternative method ...
Inamdar, P.; Cook, Simon; Sharma, A.; Corby, N.; O'Connor, J.; Perera, B. (2011)The recent drought in Australia, together with concerns about climate change and growing urban demand for water have highlighted the need of managing water resources in a more sustainable way. Water supply restrictions ...
High water contents in the Siberian cratonic mantle linked to metasomatism: An FTIR study of Udachnaya peridotite xenolithsDoucet, Luc-Serge; Peslier, A.; Ionov, D.; Brandon, A.; Golovin, A.; Goncharov, A.; Ashchepkov, I. (2014)The processes that control water distribution in nominally anhydrous minerals from peridotites are twofold. Melt depletion will remove water while metasomatism can potentially add water to these minerals. These processes ...