GS 2000+25: The Least Luminous Black Hole X-Ray Binary
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© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.. Little is known about the properties of the accretion flows and jets of the lowest-luminosity quiescent black holes. We report new, strictly simultaneous radio and X-ray observations of the nearby stellar-mass black hole X-ray binary GS 2000+25 in its quiescent state. In deep Chandra observations we detect the system at a faint X-ray luminosity of erg s-1 (1-10 keV). This is the lowest X-ray luminosity yet observed for a quiescent black hole X-ray binary, corresponding to an Eddington ratio L X/L Edd ∼ 10-9. In 15 hours of observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array, no radio continuum emission is detected to a 3σ limit of <2.8 μJy at 6 GHz. Including GS 2000+25, four quiescent stellar-mass black holes with L X < 1032 erg s-1 have deep simultaneous radio and X-ray observations and known distances. These sources all have radio to X-ray luminosity ratios generally consistent with, but slightly lower than, the low-state radio/X-ray correlation for stellar-mass black holes with L X > 1032 erg s-1. Observations of these sources tax the limits of our current X-ray and radio facilities, and new routes to black hole discovery are needed to study the lowest-luminosity black holes.
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