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dc.contributor.authorSchaper, Michael
dc.identifier.citationSchaper, M. 2020. The Missing (Small) Businesses of Southeast Asia. ISEAS Perspective. 2020: Article No 79.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY • There are more than 70 million micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Southeast Asia today that employ over 140 million people and account for 99% of all businesses in the region. • However, there appear to be many “missing businesses,” with significant underreporting and very low figures of SMEs on a per capita basis. As many as 80-90% of SMEs in some countries may be excluded from official counts. • This may be due to the existence of a large informal business sector which is not monitored in many countries; poor data collection methods; or economies being less entrepreneurial SME-focused than elsewhere. • Measuring the true size of the SME sector is difficult because there are no standard definitions across the region, and the quality of published data varies significantly among states. • Governments across the region should consider working through ASEAN to adopt a standardised set of SME definitions and reporting frameworks. This will help identify where the unreported SMEs currently exist.

dc.publisherISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute
dc.subject1605 - Policy and Administration
dc.titleThe Missing (Small) Businesses of Southeast Asia
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleISEAS Perspective
curtin.departmentSchool of Management
curtin.accessStatusOpen access via publisher
curtin.facultyFaculty of Business and Law
curtin.contributor.orcidSchaper, Michael [0000-0002-4795-0615]
curtin.contributor.scopusauthoridSchaper, Michael [7005437538]

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