Using DAS for reflection seismology-lessons learned from three field studies
MetadataShow full item record
Distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) has rapidly gained recognition for its potential for seismic imaging. For surface reflection seismology, the wide spatial aperture afforded by DAS is a primary motivation for its application, however the lower SNR of DAS has proven to be a significant impediment to acquiring data that can replace conventional receiver arrays. A further limitation of DAS cables is that the strain-dependent response is insensitive to acoustic energy which arrives orthogonal to the cable axis, reducing its effectiveness at seeing energy reflected from the deep subsurface. To enhance the sensitivity of DAS cables for reflection seismology, we have trialed at three field sites DAS cables with helical construction in which there is a significant component of optical fiber that is coincident with arriving broadside energy. We have installed helically wound DAS cables at the PTRC Aquistore Project in Saskatchewan, Canada and the CO2CRC Otway Project in Nirranda South, Victoria, Australia in shallow trenches. For the ADM Intelligent Monitoring Systems Project in Decatur, Illinois, USA we used a horizontal directional drilling method to install DAS cables at a depth that is greater than can be achieved using trenched installation. At the Otway and ADM sites we operated surface orbital vibrators (SOVs) at fixed locations to enhance sensitivity by stacking large numbers of sweeps. We present survey results from the three sites. Analysis of both vibroseis survey and SOV results show that the helical cable design achieves its primary objective of improving sensitivity to reflected energy, with further gains needed to achieve the sensitivity of conventional geophones.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The initial appraisal of buried DAS system in CO2CRC Otway Project: the comparison of buried standard fibre-optic and helically wound cables using 2D imagingYavuz, S.; Freifeld, B.; Pevzner, Roman; Dzunic, Aleksandar; Ziramov, Sasha; Bona, Andrej; Correa, Julia; Tertyshnikov, Konstantin; Urosevic, Milovan; Robertson, M.; Daley, T. (2019)This study aims to assess the ability of shallow distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) to serve as a cost-effective seismic sensor array for permanent monitoring applications. To this end, as part of the CO2CRC seismic ...
Hernandez, Francisco; Astroza, Rodrigo; Beltran, Juan Felipe; Zhang, Xihong ; Mercado, Vicente (2022)An energy dissipation mechanism made of a cable-pulleys system placed in series with a spring-damper device (fluid viscous) is experimentally studied. The system aims to provide high damping ratios for all the structural ...
Chai, Pey San Nancy (2011)Backhaul networks are used to interconnect access points and further connect them to gateway nodes which are located in regional or metropolitan centres. Conventionally, these backhaul networks are established using ...