Health-related quality of life and determinants in North-China urban community residents
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© The Author(s). 2020 Published in Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. This article is published under the Open Access publishing model and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Please refer to the licence to obtain terms for any further reuse or distribution of this work.
Background: The objectives of this study were to investigate the HRQoL of residents living in central urban areas (CUA) and developing neighborhoods (DN) areas of North-China and to examine the relationship between health conditions and the physical and mental components of quality of life.
Methods: A stratified random sample was taken and health survey scoring system questionnaire SF-36 was used to conduct the HRQoL survey among community residents in the two selected districts in 10 cities. A general questionnaire was also administered with questions that collected general information, population demographic characteristics and health behaviours, social relationships and perception of life satisfaction.
Results: Five thousand eight hundred eighty-one questionnaires were returned from 6059 invitations with a effective response rate of 97%. The residents in DN had a higher score of physical function, role limitation due to physical problems and vitality than those living in CUA. The prevalence of several chronic diseases was lower in DN's residents than CUA's residents. Age, presence/absence of chronic diseases, leisure time exercise, regular daily routine, sleep quality, appetite, family and social relationships and life satisfaction were significant determinants of HRQoL.
Conclusions: Residents living in newly developed neighborhoods in China while keeping some habits and lifestyles of their original rural communities are healthier in terms of chronic diseases and HRQoL. Together with other risk factors chronic diseases are an important determinant on HRQoL. Several healthy habits and behaviors such as having a regular daily routine and exercising during leisure time improved HRQoL in Chinese urban communities. Targeted policies of public health based on these findings can better the health-related quality of life.
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