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dc.contributor.authorKaforau, Lydia Sandrah Kuman
dc.contributor.authorTessema, Gizachew
dc.contributor.authorJancey, Jonine
dc.contributor.authorDhamrait, Gursimran Kaur
dc.contributor.authorBugoro, Hugo
dc.contributor.authorPereira, Gavin
dc.identifier.citationKaforau, L.S.K. and Tessema, G.A. and Jancey, J. and Dhamrait, G.K. and Bugoro, H. and Pereira, G.F. 2021. Prevalence and risk factors of adverse birth outcomes in the Pacific Island region: a scoping review protocol. BMJ Open. 11 (4): Article No. e042423.


Fetal growth restriction, preterm birth, low birth weight and stillbirth are adverse birth outcomes that are prevalent in low-income and middle-income settings such as the Pacific Island region. It is widely accepted that the excess burden of adverse birth outcomes is attributable to socioeconomic and environmental factors that predispose families to excess risk. Our review seeks to determine the prevalence of adverse birth outcomes in the Pacific Island region and to identify the risk factors of adverse birth outcomes in the Pacific Island region.


This scoping review will follow the five-staged Arksey and O'Malley's framework and consultation with Solomon Islands' health stakeholders. A preliminary literature review was undertaken to understand the scope of the review. We will use Medical Subject Heading and keyword terms for adverse birth outcomes to search CINAHL, Medline, Scopus, ProQuest and Springer Link databases for articles published from 1 January 2000. The subsequent searches will be undertaken via Google Scholar and the internet browser to world health organisation and regional health organisations for published and unpublished reports on non-indexed studies. All articles retrieved will be managed with EndNote software. Eligible studies will be screened using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flow chart for final selection. In the charting phase, we will extract the data into Excel spreadsheets. The results will be presented as numerical and thematic summaries that map risk factors and prevalence to the population and cultures of the Pacific Island region.

Ethics and dissemination

Formal ethical approval is not required as primary or administrative data will not be collected. However, we will seek ethics approval for the stakeholder consultation from the Research Office of Curtin University and the Solomon Islands. The findings of this study will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented in national and regional conferences and disseminated to stakeholders.

Ethics approval

There will be no direct contact with human or patients in the case of the scoping review; therefore, no ethics will be required. However, we will seek ethical approval from the Research Ethics Office of Curtin University and the Health Research and Ethics Committee in the Solomon Islands for stakeholder consultation. Dissemination will be made through regional conferences and publication in peer-reviewed journals.

dc.publisherBMJ Journals
dc.titlePrevalence and risk factors of adverse birth outcomes in the Pacific Island region: a scoping review protocol
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleBMJ Open

© Authors. This article has been accepted for publication in BMJ Open following peer review and can also be viewed on the journal’s website at

curtin.departmentCurtin School of Population Health
curtin.accessStatusOpen access
curtin.facultyFaculty of Health Sciences
curtin.contributor.orcidTessema, Gizachew [0000-0002-4784-8151]
curtin.contributor.orcidJancey, Jonine [0000-0002-7894-2896]
curtin.contributor.orcidPereira, Gavin [0000-0003-3740-8117]
curtin.contributor.researcheridTessema, Gizachew [J-9235-2018]
curtin.contributor.researcheridJancey, Jonine [G-1391-2013]
curtin.contributor.researcheridPereira, Gavin [D-7136-2014]
curtin.contributor.scopusauthoridJancey, Jonine [15071013100]
curtin.contributor.scopusauthoridPereira, Gavin [35091486200]

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