Aggressive behaviour among drug-using women from Cape Town, South Africa: Ethnicity, heavy alcohol use, methamphetamine and intimate partner violence
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© The Author(s). 2017 Published in BMC Women's Health. This article is published under the Open Access publishing model and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Please refer to the licence to obtain terms for any further reuse or distribution of this work.
Background: Women have generally been found to be the victims of violence, but scant attention has been paid to the characteristics of women who perpetrate aggression and violence. In South Africa, violence is a prevalent societal issue, especially in the Western Cape. Method: This study aimed at identifying factors that were associated with aggression among a sample of 720 substance-using women. We conducted multivariate logistic regression to identify factors that are significantly associated with these behaviours. Results: Ethnicity (Wald X2 = 17.07(2), p < 0.01) and heavy drinking (Wald X2 = 6.60 (2), p = 0.01) were significantly related to verbal aggression, methamphetamine use was significantly related to physical (Wald X2 = 2.73 (2), p = 0.01) and weapon aggression (Wald X2 = 7.94 (2), p < 0.01) and intimate partner violence was significantly related to verbal (Wald X2 = 12.43 (2), p < 0.01) and physical aggression (Wald X2 = 25.92 (2), p < 0.01). Conclusions: The findings show high levels of aggression among this sample, and highlight the need for interventions that address methamphetamine, heavy drinking and intimate partner violence among vulnerable substance-using women.
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