The use of magnetic resonance imaging techniques in assessing the effects of alcohol consumption and heavy drinking on the adolescent brain: A scoping review protocol
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© 2021 The Authors. Published by MDPI Publishing.
Introduction: Alcohol consumption, specifically heavy drinking during adolescence, has been shown to be accompanied by adverse structural brain changes in adolescent drinkers. This scoping review will aim to quantify and evaluate the quality of studies in which magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques are used to assess regional brain deficits among adolescents who consume alcohol.
Methods and analysis: This scoping review will be conducted following the Arksey and O’Malley scoping review methodology framework and will be reported using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines. Literature will be searched for the period January 1999 to March 2021. Two reviewers will independently screen titles/abstracts and full-texts in two consecutive screening stages. Eligible studies will be independently reviewed to ensure that inclusion criteria are met. Cohen’s Kappa (κ) will be used to calculate inter-rater agreement. A third reviewer will resolve any disagreements. The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Appraisal Tools will be used for quality appraisal of the included studies. Findings will be reported by means of a narrative overview, tabular presentation of study characteristics, and quality assessment, and a thematic analysis of major themes. This scoping review has been registered with the Open Science Framework.
Ethics and dissemination: Scoping reviews do not require ethical approval, however, this review forms part of a larger study that has obtained approval from the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Health Research Ethics Committee at Stellenbosch University (S20/04/086). Findings will be disseminated by means of peer-reviewed publications and conferences.
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